At Village Dental in Streetsville, Mississauga, we keep you informed. Our team invites you to learn about the common dental procedures done in-house, so you know what to expect when you visit our office.
Bonding is a quick and painless way to repair chips on your teeth. Bonding uses a white plastic paste called composite resin - a plastic that is semi-liquid at first, but becomes hard and durable when cured with light.
This material can be tinted to match the colour of natural teeth, and can also be contoured and shaped to resemble the missing part of a chipped tooth. The composite resin can be painted over a stained tooth, and it can make a fractured tooth look whole and perfect. Composite resin can even build up the size of teeth so gaps are reduced or eliminated. Here's how bonding is done:
Crowns and Bridges
A dental crown serves as a cover for a damaged tooth or as an anchor for a dental bridge. A crown is usually suggested when the root of a tooth is intact but the surface (enamel) area of the tooth is damaged. Dental crowns cover the entire visible surface area of an affected tooth and add strength, durability, and stability to the tooth.
Dental bridges are used to fill the space left by one or more missing teeth. A dental bridge consists of one or more false teeth called pontics. Pontics are placed between two natural or implant teeth called abutment teeth. The bridge is attached to the abutment teeth by crowns.
Dental implants are a permanent solution to replace lost teeth. Dental implants are fixtures of titanium that are surgically implanted into the jaw bone. The patient is under anesthesia during the procedure. After the dental implant is installed, a crown can be bonded to the top of the implant to create a natural looking false tooth. Dental Implants are best placed in the front portion of the lower jaw.
Dental digital radiography / digital dental X-ray: radiographs are a diagnostic tool. While most offices still use film, dental digital radiography has been shown to be every bit as diagnostic, and more. With better resolution, dramatically reduced radiation to the patient, and the ability to zoom into parts of the image, digital dental X-ray is more friendly to the patient, and to the doctor.
Endodontics is the treatment of unhealthy dental pulp - pulp is the soft inner tissue of the tooth. When the pulp is exposed due to injury or disease, it becomes infected by bacteria. Endodontic therapy, also known as root canal therapy, involves cleaning the bacteria in the tooth and filling the tooth with a special rubber-like material before sealing the tooth.
After root canal therapy the patient will no longer feel pain because the nerve tissue has been removed. Once the root canal is completed a crown or filling is needed in order to protect the tooth.
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both.
Orthodontic treatment can be carried out for purely aesthetic reasons with regards to improving the general appearance of patients' teeth. However, there are orthodontists who work on reconstructing the entire face rather than focusing exclusively on teeth. Treatment is most often prescribed for practical reasons such as providing the patient with a functionally improved bite.
Nonsurgical treatment of periodontal disease is the management of gum disease with cleanings and antibiotics. Both of these modalities can be implemented by a general dentist or a periodontist.
Root Canal Therapy
Root canal therapy is designed to correct disorders of the dental pulp - the soft tissue inside the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. Teeth with abscessed, or infected, nerves were once removed with corrective therapy. But now, in 95% of these cases of pulpal infection, the natural tooth can be saved through modern endodontic procedures. Endodontists have undergone specialized training in performing root canal therapy.
Teeth whitening is a common procedure in general dentistry and cosmetic dentistry. A child's deciduous teeth are generally whiter than the adult teeth that follow. As a person ages, the adult teeth often become darker due to changes in the mineral structure of the tooth. Teeth can also become stained by bacterial pigments, foodstuffs and tobacco. Certain antibiotic medications (like tetracycline) can also lead to teeth stains or a reduction in the brilliance of the enamel. There are many methods to whiten teeth: bleaching strips, bleaching pen, bleaching gel, laser bleaching, and natural bleaching. Traditionally, at-home whitening is done with bleaching gel which is applied to the teeth using thin guard trays. At-home whitening can also be done by applying small strips that go over the front teeth.
Oxidizing agents such as hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide are used to lighten the shade of the tooth. The oxidizing agent penetrates the porosities in the rod-like crystal structure of enamel and oxidizes interprismatic stain deposits. Over time, the dentin layer, lying underneath the enamel, is also bleached.
Laser bleaching uses light energy to accelerate the process of bleaching in a dental office. The effects of bleaching can last for several months, but may vary depending on the lifestyle of the patient. Factors which will decrease whitening include smoking and the ingestion of dark colored liquids like coffee, tea and red wine.
Internal staining of dentin can discolor the teeth from inside out. Internal bleaching can remedy this. If heavy staining or tetracycline damage is present on a patient's teeth, and whitening is ineffective, there are other methods of whitening teeth. Bonding, when a thin coating of composite material is applied to the front of a person's teeth and then cured with a blue light, can be performed to mask the staining. A veneer can also mask tooth discoloration.
Dental veneers are used to correct both color and awkward shaped teeth. Porcelain veneers are thin pieces of specially-shaped porcelain that are bonded over the front of your teeth. Composite resin veneers are applied directly to your teeth and sculpted to the desired shape. Both procedures can be performed without anesthesia.